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北运河水系PCMs存在、归趋及生态风险·Polycyclic musks in surface water and sediments from an urban catchment in the megacity Beijing, China

Abstract

Two typical polycyclic musks (PCMs), namely 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethylcyclopenta-(g)-2-benzopyran (HHCB) and 7-acetyl-1,1,3,4,4,6-hexamethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene (AHTN), were determined in 63 surface water and 42 sediment samples collected from the North Canal River watershed, an urban catchment located in the megacity Beijing, China. Concentrations of HHCB and AHTN were 13.2 ng/L–395 ng/L and 2.98 ng/L–232 ng/L in surface water, while 4.10 ng/g–818 ng/g and 1.21 ng/g–731 ng/g in sediments. The results showed that PCM concentrations in the North Canal River watershed were at the high end when compared to that in other regions in China and worldwide. A watershed-wide annual mass budget showed that HHCB (∼150 kg/year) and AHTN (∼80 kg/year) mainly originated from urban wastewaters. Both PCMs were eliminated primarily by outflowing water (72 kg/year and 43 kg/year for HHCB and AHTN, respectively) and due to losses to the atmosphere (40 kg/year and 26 kg/year for HHCB and AHTN, respectively). An assessment of ecological risks posed by HHCB and AHTN to aquatic organisms in the North Canal River watershed was performed by using a tiered ecological risk assessment. The results showed that PCMs were unlikely to pose an ecological risk at the watershed scale (the probability of the incidence of adverse effect was <3.5% at the 99% protection level). However, according to the results from the risk quotient method, the tributaries draining wastewater effluents should be hotspots that warrant further research in future.

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